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Part 8 of Toward a Top 100 Influential List


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Part 8 of a Part 9 series.

Copy + Paste the list below and put an * or bold the names of those that you feel confident should be on a top 100 influential list of all time. Anyone on this list should not only have lasting importance, but they should probably also have worldwide or near worldwide importance. I'll collect everyone's responses and make a 270Soft list when we finish:

 @vcczar @Reagan04 @Actinguy @Patine @Conservative Elector 2 @TheMiddlePolitical @WVProgressive @SilentLiberty @pilight @admin_270 @Hestia11 @Herbert Hoover @mlcorcoran @Leuser @upandaway @jvikings1 @Rodja @Edouard @jnewt @Nentomat @Kingthero @Sunnymentoaddict @RFK/JFKfan @Mr.Blood @Zenobiyl @Wiw @MBDemSoc @ThePotatoWalrus @Alxeu @Allyn @Cenzonico @CentristGuy @Ishan @billay @wolves @RI Democrat @lizarraba @lizphairphreak @TheLiberalKitten @MysteryKnight and anyone else interested.

If you want your votes to count, you'll have to respond to all parts (see other threads for 1st, 2nd, 3rd part, and so on)

Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.
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47 minutes ago, vcczar said:

 

Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.

 

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Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.
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Ad Churchill: I watched Darkest Hour a few days ago. Absolutely great movie, I highly recommend you to watch it!

But due to the vandalism on his statue, he won't be cool soon I guess... it's not that he did protect the world or did any other substantial deeds...

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Just now, Conservative Elector 2 said:

Ad Churchill: I watched Darkest Hour a few days ago. Absolutely great movie, I highly recommend you to watch it!

But due to the vandalism on his statue, he won't be cool soon I guess... it's not that he did protect the world or did any other substantial deeds...

Although I believe you heavily view "historical significance," with "ideological weighting," to be honest. A VERY bad habit for anyone in THESE kinds of affairs.

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2 hours ago, vcczar said:

Part 8 of a Part 9 series.

Copy + Paste the list below and put an * or bold the names of those that you feel confident should be on a top 100 influential list of all time. Anyone on this list should not only have lasting importance, but they should probably also have worldwide or near worldwide importance. I'll collect everyone's responses and make a 270Soft list when we finish:

 @vcczar @Reagan04 @Actinguy @Patine @Conservative Elector 2 @TheMiddlePolitical @WVProgressive @SilentLiberty @pilight @admin_270 @Hestia11 @Herbert Hoover @mlcorcoran @Leuser @upandaway @jvikings1 @Rodja @Edouard @jnewt @Nentomat @Kingthero @Sunnymentoaddict @RFK/JFKfan @Mr.Blood @Zenobiyl @Wiw @MBDemSoc @ThePotatoWalrus @Alxeu @Allyn @Cenzonico @CentristGuy @Ishan @billay @wolves @RI Democrat @lizarraba @lizphairphreak @TheLiberalKitten @MysteryKnight and anyone else interested.

If you want your votes to count, you'll have to respond to all parts (see other threads for 1st, 2nd, 3rd part, and so on)

 

Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.

 

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2 hours ago, vcczar said:
Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.

 

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4 hours ago, vcczar said:

Part 8 of a Part 9 series.

Copy + Paste the list below and put an * or bold the names of those that you feel confident should be on a top 100 influential list of all time. Anyone on this list should not only have lasting importance, but they should probably also have worldwide or near worldwide importance. I'll collect everyone's responses and make a 270Soft list when we finish:

 @vcczar @Reagan04 @Actinguy @Patine @Conservative Elector 2 @TheMiddlePolitical @WVProgressive @SilentLiberty @pilight @admin_270 @Hestia11 @Herbert Hoover @mlcorcoran @Leuser @upandaway @jvikings1 @Rodja @Edouard @jnewt @Nentomat @Kingthero @Sunnymentoaddict @RFK/JFKfan @Mr.Blood @Zenobiyl @Wiw @MBDemSoc @ThePotatoWalrus @Alxeu @Allyn @Cenzonico @CentristGuy @Ishan @billay @wolves @RI Democrat @lizarraba @lizphairphreak @TheLiberalKitten @MysteryKnight and anyone else interested.

If you want your votes to count, you'll have to respond to all parts (see other threads for 1st, 2nd, 3rd part, and so on)

 

Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.

 

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5 hours ago, vcczar said:

Part 8 of a Part 9 series.

Copy + Paste the list below and put an * or bold the names of those that you feel confident should be on a top 100 influential list of all time. Anyone on this list should not only have lasting importance, but they should probably also have worldwide or near worldwide importance. I'll collect everyone's responses and make a 270Soft list when we finish:

 @vcczar @Reagan04 @Actinguy @Patine @Conservative Elector 2 @TheMiddlePolitical @WVProgressive @SilentLiberty @pilight @admin_270 @Hestia11 @Herbert Hoover @mlcorcoran @Leuser @upandaway @jvikings1 @Rodja @Edouard @jnewt @Nentomat @Kingthero @Sunnymentoaddict @RFK/JFKfan @Mr.Blood @Zenobiyl @Wiw @MBDemSoc @ThePotatoWalrus @Alxeu @Allyn @Cenzonico @CentristGuy @Ishan @billay @wolves @RI Democrat @lizarraba @lizphairphreak @TheLiberalKitten @MysteryKnight and anyone else interested.

If you want your votes to count, you'll have to respond to all parts (see other threads for 1st, 2nd, 3rd part, and so on)

 

Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.

 

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On ‎6‎/‎8‎/‎2020 at 12:54 PM, vcczar said:

Part 8 of a Part 9 series.

Copy + Paste the list below and put an * or bold the names of those that you feel confident should be on a top 100 influential list of all time. Anyone on this list should not only have lasting importance, but they should probably also have worldwide or near worldwide importance. I'll collect everyone's responses and make a 270Soft list when we finish:

 @vcczar @Reagan04 @Actinguy @Patine @Conservative Elector 2 @TheMiddlePolitical @WVProgressive @SilentLiberty @pilight @admin_270 @Hestia11 @Herbert Hoover @mlcorcoran @Leuser @upandaway @jvikings1 @Rodja @Edouard @jnewt @Nentomat @Kingthero @Sunnymentoaddict @RFK/JFKfan @Mr.Blood @Zenobiyl @Wiw @MBDemSoc @ThePotatoWalrus @Alxeu @Allyn @Cenzonico @CentristGuy @Ishan @billay @wolves @RI Democrat @lizarraba @lizphairphreak @TheLiberalKitten @MysteryKnight and anyone else interested.

If you want your votes to count, you'll have to respond to all parts (see other threads for 1st, 2nd, 3rd part, and so on)

 

Antony van Leeuwenhoek “father of microbiology.” He was the first to observe and analyze microorganisms.
Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
William Shakespeare The most successful figure in world literature, and the primary figure in the development of the English language into a world language. He also wrote plays that have been translated, spread, and staged across the world, even to the present day. Probably the most well-known figure in literature, even after 400 years. Profound influence on all major writers since his death.
Elizabeth I inspired the flowering of English literature and language, especially drama. Set the foundation for English colonialism, and the concept of the British Empire. Reestablished England as a protestant state.
John Locke the father of liberalism. He may be the key philosopher in influencing the American Revolution, including the language of the Declaration of Independence.
Francis Bacon the philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method. He is also considered the founder of empiricism, the idea that knowledge comes from sensory experience.
William Harvey first to discover and detail the circulation of the blood.
Edward Jenner the “Father of Immunology” for his creation of the smallpox vaccine, the world’ first vaccine.
John Dalton developed modern atomic theory.
Charles Babbage originated the concept of the programmable computer.
Michael Faraday for his laws of induction, which predict how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force.
Winston Churchill the earliest and leading advocate against Nazi Germany and Cold War Soviet Russia, ensuring the containment of both expanding powers.
Oliver Cromwell Victor of the English Civil War; his protectorate gave Europe a clear example that a monarchy wasn’t necessary for a stable government. He inspired future revolutionaries desiring a Republic. Reformed the English military and navy.
The Beatles The most influential and best-selling band of all time; fundamentally changed pop music and the music industry worldwide; had large impact on sociocultural movements; arguably the most diverse and experimental band as well, mastering a range of inventive styles.
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
Rene Descartes Father of Modern Western Philosophy and the father of analytical geometry. His contributions to critical thinking have made all universities, more or less, Cartesian institutions.
Voltaire Writer, philosopher, and wit who was crucial in the development of advocacy for freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the seperation of church and state. Had a big impact on the French Revolution.
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
Antoine L Lavoisier “Father of Modern Chemistry.” He discovered the role that oxygen plays in combustion. He also recognized and named oxygen and hydrogen. He changed chemistry from a qualitative to a quantitative science.
John Calvin Founder of Calvinism, which is the chief philosophy of numerous protestant churches, such as Presbyterians, Congregational, Reformed. As such, Calvin has gained many more adherents than Luther. Some scholar give Calvin credit for the rise of Capitalism, since he inspired the “Protestant work ethic” and allowed the charging of interest on loans, which was condemned by other Christians.
Louis Daguerre Invented the daguerreotype, a crucial step in the development of photography
Joseph Stalin Rapidly industrialized Russia into a superpower that both helped end World War II and led to another conflict, as one of the two major powers during the Cold War. Stalinism has often been used as an example to misrepresent Socialism. Russia’s relative strength today is due in part to Stalin’s regime.
Martin Luther Crucial early figure of the Protestant Reformation when he protested against the corruptions of the Catholic Church; Argued that the Bible was a greater authority than the Pope; Translated the Bible into the vernacular so that it could be accessible for those unschooled in Biblical languages; Inspired Lutheranism, a major protestant denomination, and the other Protestant movements.
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
Johann S Bach Often considered the greatest composer of all time for his mastery in counterpoint, modulation, and contrapuntal motion; Arguably the most inventive composer.
Ludwig Van Beethoven Revolutionary composer that created the bridge from classical music to romantic era music by breaking free of classical tradition in music; Arguably the "Father of Modern Musical Composition" for doing so.
Charlemagne "The Father of Europe"; Unified Western and Central Europe; Crucial to the identities of both France and Germany; First Holy Roman Emperor; Spurred the Carlingian Renaissance, which prompted a rare intellectual and culture movement in a relatively dark period of cultural intellectualism. Influential in spreading Christianity and blunting the spread of Islam.
Immanuel Kant Arguably the most influential philosopher since Aristotle; Categorical Imperative has huge impact on moral philsophy; Thing in Itself has a huge impact on the concept of reality, reason, and interpretation; Critique of Pure Reason on rationalism, reason, etc.,; had impact on politics for his belief that greater Democracy mixed with international diplomacy will lead us to perpetual peace.
Werner Heisenberg While not the founder of quantum mechanics, he's probably the most influential figure within it for his "Uncertainty Principle" and other theories; huge impact on the study of atoms, radiation, and nuclear programs.
Max Planck Originator of quantum theory/quantum mechanics, which is crucial to the understanding of atomic and subatomic processes.
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
Johannes Kepler Crucial figure in turning astronomy into a scientific and mathematical field, rather than a field specifically for astrology; his laws of planetary motion revealed that planets move in ellipses; laid the foundations for Newton's theory of gravity
Aristotle Philosopher who dominated Western thought all the way up to the Enlightenment; first to formally study logic; huge impact on the Islamic Golden Age, early Christian theology, theories of literature, physical sciences, etc. Taught Alexander the Great.
Plato Founder of Western Political philosophy and Western Spirituality, crucially impacting the theories of government, religion, and common thought; founded the first institute of higher learning in the Western World; teacher of Aristotle; inspiration for Neoplatonism.
Euclid "Father of Geometry," a discipline he might have founded. Wrote the main textbook for mathematics that lasted for about 2,000 years before new innovations in mathematic required an update.
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
Socrates One of the founders of Western Philosophy and the first "moral philosopher."; Left no writings of his own, but was a teacher and major source for Plato's philosophy; Known for the Socratic Method and Socratic Irony.
Homer According to tradition, the author of the Illiad and the Oddyssey, which are often called the beginning of the Western literary tradition. Crucual to Ancient Greek culture and education. They still inspire the arts today.

Done. Leaving out Newton and Locke was a travesty, and Stalin's an absolute, and Calvin's the greatest stain, blot, and corruption on the face of Christiandom that was gained any significant acceptance, but impact and influence are key.

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On 6/8/2020 at 2:54 PM, vcczar said:

 

 

Isaac Newton laid the foundation for classical mechanics, developed the field of optics and was one of the two independent inventors of calculus. He formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation. He also built the first practical refracting telescope. Arguably the most important man of science to have ever existed.
Charles Darwin for his contributions to the theory of evolution. He came up with the concept of natural selection, that all species come from common ancestors; Fundamentally altered natural science and how we think of human beings and Biblical history; the Darwinin concept of survival of the fittest comes from him, which has led to several sociopolitical movements or policies.
   
Louis Pasteur “Father of Microbiology.” He was crucial to the development of immunization,. He also disproved the theory of spontaneous generation. He also invented the process called Pasteurization, which kills bacteria in liquid food.
   
William the Conqueror Led the Norman invasion that fundamentally altered the language, customs, culture, identity, government, nobility, etc. Set the stage for the long-lasting wars and rivalry between England and France.
 
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the first practical printer, which sparked a printing revolution, increasing knowledger, literacy, education, and usher in a more modern age of information; Gutenberg Bible was the first mass produced Bible; His press was central in spreading vernacular languages and reducing the importance of Latin as a written language; The Protestant Reformation was greatly aided by Gutenberg's press.
   
   
   
   
William C Roentgen Discoverer and first producer of X-Rays
   
Alexander the Great Arguably the most successful military commander of all-time and king of one of the world's largest empires, which created cultural diffusion and syncretism by Hellenizing Asia Minor, North Africa, the Middle East, and sections of Central Asia; Led to the Hellenization of Judaism, which made the transition to Pauline Christianity possible.
   
   

 

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