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The "Casualty of War" Series - 1920


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In 1920, the euphoria and jubilation that came with Theodore Roosevelt’s fourth inauguration has now completely dissipated. The United States had found itself drawn into the Great War waging on the European continent, and despite its conclusion the nation has quickly found itself mired in the Russian Civil War aiding the Whites lead by Anton Denikin. The national economy, once prosperous, has over the last year collapsed, demobilized soldiers struggling to find paying jobs and the cost of living increasing exponentially. With the appeal of the Bull Moose having withered away, it seems as if the War has but one more casualty to claim………..



Progressive Party -  Vice Pres. Hiram Johnson (P-CA) - (~17.4%) 

Democratic Party -  Sen. William Gibbs McAdoo (D-NJ) - (~38.4%)

Republican Party - Univ. Pres. Nicholas Murray Butler (R-NY) - (~28.3%)

Socialist Party - Mayor Emil Seidell (S-WI)  - (~5.3%)

Prohibition Party - Pastor Aaron Watkins - (~0.7%)


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So this was supposed to be a far more comprehensive update to the OP, with a reworked and expanded premise as well as descriptions for the candidacies, but quite stupidly I decided to write the drafts in the OP itself (except for the Republican one), and then proceeded to accidentally click back a page when I thought I was on something else, losing three hours of writing. More or less killed that impetus.

Anyway, got at least the new candidates up that I've chosen for the Republican and Socialist parties as well as the new percentages, and an accompanying image to show what the map looks like at the start presently. It may still be tweaked a bit as I figure out how the Running-mates are going to effect it, but its largely set.

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Alright so I'll be honest, I need help. Come to find out I am one of those people who can come up with a basic concept and lay out some figures, but I am completely and totally inept when it comes to some other matters like the issues; not that I don't have them, I do, but I am having a hard time getting myself to write up the seven entries required for each and every one. The issues themselves I need in order to finish setting down some of the other pieces like the leanings of the States, politicos, how events may be effected, etc., and it isn't possible to work around such a critical part of the game, least beyond what I've already done.

That doesn't mean however I need the issues written up entirely per se, but that enough of a concept is there that I could potentially run with it myself; sometimes it is literally nothing more than a small push before I can get on running with whatever I'm working on.

There are quite a few issues I've been looking at however, mostly from perusing the Party Platforms, and of course a couple of my own additions. There will be notes attached to those issues where the situation may have changed from OTL, especially with Foreign Affairs.




  • Mexico
    • The events at Veracruz eventually spill over into war, with the United States intervening in favor of Venustiano Carranza's Constitutional Army and overthrowing the Huerta Regime. However the Roosevelt Administration extracts a number of concessions in return for this aid, such as protections for American businesses in the country, as well as the right to station its military at strategic points around Mexico until the civil situation in the country was once again calm. Carranza isn't content with the agreements in place, but sees it as a small price to pay in the short-term if it means establishing peace and a fairly free Liberal government. By 1920 there is still a sizable American contingent based in Mexico, but they mostly act as a supporting force for the Mexican National Army in its efforts to root out Emiliano Zapata's guerrilla rebels in the south.
  • League of Nations
    • While the same name, this League of Nations is quite different from its OTL namesake; under pressure from the Roosevelt Administration, the actual membership of the League has been limited to the Allied nations involved in the First World War for a period of twenty years, with Germany/Russia/Austria/Hungary/Turkey being blocked from membership for a period of forty years. A class-based system has also been established with "more powerful" nations subsequently having more clout over the proceedings of the assembly or in any vote. Henry Cabot Lodge is also involved in the drafting of the League, so many of his reservations and written into the organization from the start, which allows for the League to pass muster in the Senate. As such, it is not a particularly major issue.
  • Russian Civil War
    • Shortly before and after the conclusion of the Great War, Theodore Roosevelt deployed a sizable number of American soldiers to aid the White Forces against what is now known as the Petrograd Soviet, somewhere in the range of (100k) to (200k), their aim being to secure supply lines for the Whites and to provide combat support where deemed necessary by local commanders. By 1920 General Anton Denikin has established on the surface re-established a constitutional monarchy in Moscow under the reign of Tsar Nicholas III, in reality a military dictatorship under Denikin's direct control, with the Bolsheviks having been mauled over the last year but not yet knocked out of the fight. The question remains as to how critical American support for the Russian Monarchists is at this juncture despite Roosevelt's insistence, and the reports coming out of Russia on pogroms being conducted against minorities and suspected Bolsheviks has nearly sapped any remaining American will to stay to the finish.
  • Agriculture
  • Rights of Labor
    • Basically the issue of Unions
  • National Economy
  • Presidential War Powers
    • There is some concern with Theodore Roosevelt having ignored calls by Congress to withdraw troops from Russia, including vetoes at legislation aimed to end some war-time measures that are presently supporting said Expeditionary Forces in Russia.
  • Taxation
  • The Federal Reserve / Inflation
    • For the period these two issues were naturally a bit related, so I wasn't if I should list them separately or not. The Federal Reserve as established is also very similar to what it was in OTL, as I imagined Progressive pressure would still push Roosevelt in that direction rather than adopting Aldrich's approach entirely.
  • High Cost of Living
  • Railroads
  • Regulation of Industry and Commerce (i.e. Monopolies)
  • Trade and Tariffs
  • Immigration
  • Naturalization
  • Free Speech
    • The Sedition Act has not been passed, but enforcement of the Espionage Act has been fierce since its passage, resulting in many arrests of those deemed acting against the interests of the United States, prominently members of the Socialist Party opposed to participation in the Great War and, ironically for the Roosevelt Administration, some members of the Progressive Party. Enforcement has gotten progressively lax as public opinion has turned against the expedition to Russia, but at times there are claims it is still used to muzzle the largest agitators or as a form of blackmail; Eugene Debs death in the early months of 1920 is often called upon as an example.
  • Lynching
  • Public Roads and Highways
  • Conservation
  • Army and Navy
    • Naturally it is still fairly sizable as total demobilization has not yet happened, with troops still occupying parts of Russia and the Rhur region in Germany.
  • Veterans Affairs
    • Despite Roosevelt's best efforts, service men that have been demobilized are still struggling to reestablish themselves given the poor economic situation and the high cost of living.
  • Education
  • Health
    • Roosevelt has called for but never succeeded in passing a system of universal healthcare.
  • Child Labor
  • Housing
    • Also attached to economic conditions, there is quite simply a lack of available or affordable housing.
  • Ireland
    • There were those that hoped that Irish Independence could be negotiated by Roosevelt and Wilson at Versailles, and now those same voices are divided over how to react to the ongoing Anglo-Irish War raging across the pond. While not a pressing issue outside the Irish community, it could potentially prove valuable if the cards are played right.
  • Philippines
    • Essentially whether the Philippines remains a Commonwealth or goes Independent, and how soon.
  • Asiatic Immigration
    • An especially important issue for those on the West Coast, separate from immigration as a whole.




I'm sure I may be forgetting some, but these are the critical ones which I know I am going to be making use of in some capacity.




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6 minutes ago, Kingthero said:

I feel like this would be also interesting if you did a CI version, especially since it is easier for one of these small parties to get a house seat or a senate seat than a Presidency win.

I never really got into Congress Forever and so never made the jump over to Congress Infinity, but I can't even begin to imagine the kind of headache that would be to set up. Not that the idea isn't interesting, it very much is, but I would really have no good idea on how best to calculate the Representatives on a District by District basis for something like the Progressive Party, unless that is I went and translated down Roosevelt's 1912 results to the CD level (and I don't know quite where to find that). The Senate is infinitely easier on the other hand given you are again doing, well, entire States.

Not really in my present plans though.

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  • 4 months later...

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