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Reminder for Primaries....

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Remember to try to include superdelegates (ones that don't have to vote for the winner of their states primary at the convention) and proportional distrobution (Ex. There are 50 Delegates in a State...Candidate A gets 55%, Candidate B gets 45%...so Candidate A gets 27.5 delegates while Candidate B gets 22.5 delegates)

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Don't some states have both porportional and super delegates? If I recall, Iowa uses this mix. Example: Kerry wins the majority of the vote, so he gets 2 super selegates and 25% of the porportional delegates, Dean 20%, Clark 16%, so on and so forth... And don't forget the candidates that don't do so well dropping and pledging their delegates to whoever they think has the best chance or who they think is the best candidate, but thats for another topic.

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add during the convention, you should be able to pick your speech, and who will be speaking in it. and you should choose the date of the convention.

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Don't some states have both porportional and super delegates? If I recall, Iowa uses this mix. Example: Kerry wins the majority of the vote, so he gets 2 super selegates and 25% of the porportional delegates, Dean 20%, Clark 16%, so on and so forth... And don't forget the candidates that don't do so well dropping and pledging their delegates to whoever they think has the best chance or who they think is the best candidate, but thats for another topic.

There is a mix, but it is a bit more complicated than that.

First you have superdelegates (usually elected officials like senators, representatives and governors and the occassional state party chairman and national committeepeople). They can vote for whoever they want. They can pledge before the primary, after the primary, at the convention. They can switch allegiances. They simply can do whatever they want.

Then you have regular delegates. They are selected from each congressional district (usually there are about 5-8 per CD). There are some rules on selection procedute and that depends on the party. But let's take the Democrats as a general example. You have to get 15% of the primary/caucus vote to be entitled to a delegate; although I know from personal experience that sometime 14.42% is good enough. Anyways, say there are 8 delegates per CD and the breakdown for Iowa's 1st CD is

Kerry 40%

Dean 15%

Clark 14%

Gephardt 12%

Sharpton 10%

Edwards 9%

Clark, Gephardt, Edwards and Sharpton get 0 delegates (although combined they got 45% of the vote) as they do not individually get past the 15% threshold. That leaves Kerry and Dean. Kerry will get 6 (8*40%/55%) and Dean will get 2 (8*15%/55%). Now, that means that Dean gets 25% of the delegates on 15% of the vote while Kerry gets 75% with 40%. Not very proportional. And it is done by each congressional district, so while Clark got shutout in this CD, he might make it over 15% in Iowa's 2nd CD (and Dean might fall under 15% and get no delegates in that one).

In Iowa there might be 7 Superdelegates (a senator, governor, 2 congressmen, state party chair and 2 national committee members). The Congressmen might endorse Gephardt (he did do well among Congressional superdelegates), the Senator might endorse Kerry, the governor might decide to endorse Edwards due to his statewide showing in the caucuses, the party chair and national comittee members might remain uncommitted for the time being (they have a tendency to bandwagon either after the primary/caucus, after Super Tuesday, or nearer to the convention itself).

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