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100 Most Consequential Senators

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I came up with this list of 100 Most Consequential US Senators. I used David Mayhew's book on Congressional actions to help with this, but I also did a little of my own thinking, mostly in regards to recent Senators (post-1988). 

Just for fun, I"ve posted them, and I've posted how I think they would vote in an hypothetical impeachment vote against Trump if evidence that Trump 1) abused power by dishing out favors for dirt on political opponents and for other electoral aid. 2) Obstructed justice by using power and social media to hinder the investigation. 3) Lying under oath, which assumes Trump lies once he must inevitably testify in this hypothetical. 4) Contempt of Congress. 

It's very likely that should Trump face an impeachment trial, he will likely face something like 11 articles of impeachment, rather than only 4. 

Here's how I think the All-Star Senate votes in this trial:

  • Henry Clay, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Henry Cabot Lodge Sr, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Robert Taft, guilty on all 4 counts
  • William Borah, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Robert La Follette, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Jesse Helms, innocent on all 4 counts. 
  • Estes Kefauver, guilty on all 4 counts.
  • Rufus King, guilty on all 4 counts. 
  • Mitch McConnell, innocent on all 4 counts. 
  • Hugo Black, guilty of the first 3, but not the 4th. 
  • Charles Sumner, guilty on all 4 counts
  • George W. Norris, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Ted Kennedy, guilty on all 4 counts
  • John Sherman, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Stephen A Douglas, guilty of the 1st and 3rd counts
  • Pat Harrison, innocence on all 4 counts
  • George Frisbie Hoar, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Robert F. Kennedy, guilty on all 4 counts
  • George McGovern, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Joseph Robinson, guilty on the 1st and 3rd count
  • Nelson W Aldrich, guilty of 4th account only
  • Daniel Webster, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Robert F. Wagner, guilty on all 4 counts
  • John McCain, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Arthur Vandenberg, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Oscar Underwood, guilty on all 4 counts
  • William B Allison, guilty on the last account only
  • Alben Barkley, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Birch Bayh, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Albert Beveridge, guilty on all 4 counts
  • John C Calhoun, guilty of the first account only
  • Lyndon B Johnson, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Lindsey Graham, innocent on all accounts
  • John Randolph, innocent on all accounts
  • William Seward, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Joe Biden, guilty on all 4 counts
  • James F Byrnes, guilty on the 3rd account only
  • Lewis Cass, guilty on the first account only
  • Edward Costigan, guilty on all 4 counts
  • John J. Crittenden, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Burton K Wheeler, guilty on all 4 counts
  • James G Blaine, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Barry Goldwater, guilty only of the 3rd account
  • Matthew Quay, guilty only of the 4th account
  • William Fulbright, guilty only of the 4th account
  • Albert Cummings, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Sam Ervin, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Jeff Flake, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Joseph Foraker, guilty of the first and fourth accounts
  • Carter Glass, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Hiram Johnson, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Lyman Trumbull, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Thomas Hart Benton, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Harry F Byrd, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Arthur Poe Gorman, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Scoop Jackson, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Robert La Follette Jr, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Mike Mansfield, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Edmund Muskie, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Benjamin F Wade, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Russell Long, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Nathaniel Macon, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Richard Nixon, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Gerald Nye, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Key Pittman, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Bob Dole, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Hubert Humphrey, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Huey P Long, guilty only of the first account
  • Richard Russell, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Samuel Smith, guilty on all 4 counts
  • William C Rives, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Millard Tydings, guilty only of the 1st and 4th account
  • Martin Van Buren, guilty of the 3rd account
  • Ted Cruz, guilty only of the 3rd account
  • John P Hale, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Jefferson Davis, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Mark Hanna, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Joseph McCarthy, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Bernie Sanders, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Benjamin Tillman, innocent on all 4 counts
  • Justin Morrill, guilty on all 4 counts
  • John C Spooner, guilty only of the 4th account
  • Robert J Walker, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Kent Conrad, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Jim DeMint, innocent of all 4 counts
  • Robert Toombs, innocent of all 4 counts
  • Howard Baker, guilty of the 1st and 4th account
  • Frank Church, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Roscoe Conkling, guilty only of 4th account
  • Everett Dirksen, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Olympia Snowe, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Lamar Alexander, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Russ Feingold, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Joe Manchin, guilty on all 4 counts
  • Elizabeth Warren, guilty on all 4 counts

I have only 16 absolving Trump of all blame in this hypothetical. Of those that vote guilty on some articles, the following number of Senators vote innocent on the following articles:

1st Article - Abuse of Power: 10 + 16 = 26 = 74 Yea for conviction and 26 Nay

2nd Article - Obstruction of Justice: 17+16 = 33 = 67 Yea for conviction and 33 Nay 

3rd Article - Lying Under Oath: 12+16 = 28 = 72 Yea for conviction and 28 Nay

4th Article - Contempt of Congress:  9+16 = 25 = 75 Yea for conviction and 25 Nay

Trump is found guilty by a supermajority of 67 or more Senators on all counts. As we've never had a president convicted, I'd be curious to know what the punishment would be in this case. 

 

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Here's the political party affiliation that I think each of these Senators would belong to:

  • Henry Clay (D)
  • Henry Cabot Lodge Sr (R)
  • Robert Taft (R)
  • William Borah (D)
  • Robert La Follette (D)
  • Jesse Helms (R)
  • Estes Kefauver (D)
  • Rufus King (D)
  • Mitch McConnell (R)
  • Hugo Black (D)
  • Charles Sumner (D)
  • George W. Norris (D)
  • Ted Kennedy (D)
  • John Sherman (R)
  • Stephen A Douglas (R)
  • Pat Harrison (R)
  • George Frisbie Hoar (D)
  • Robert F. Kennedy (D)
  • George McGovern (D)
  • Joseph Robinson (R)
  • Nelson W Aldrich (R)
  • Daniel Webster (R)
  • Robert F. Wagner (D)
  • John McCain (R)
  • Arthur Vandenberg (R)
  • Oscar Underwood (D)
  • William B Allison (R)
  • Alben Barkley (D)
  • Birch Bayh (D)
  • Albert Beveridge (D)
  • John C Calhoun (R)
  • Lyndon B Johnson (D)
  • Lindsey Graham (R)
  • John Randolph (R)
  • William Seward (D)
  • Joe Biden (D)
  • James F Byrnes (R)
  • Lewis Cass (R)
  • Edward Costigan (D)
  • John J. Crittenden (R)
  • Burton K Wheeler (D)
  • James G Blaine (D)
  • Barry Goldwater (R)
  • Matthew Quay (R)
  • William Fulbright (R)
  • Albert Cummings (D)
  • Sam Ervin (R)
  • Jeff Flake (R)
  • Joseph Foraker (R)
  • Carter Glass (R)
  • Hiram Johnson (D)
  • Lyman Trumbull (D)
  • Thomas Hart Benton (R)
  • Harry F Byrd (R)
  • Arthur Poe Gorman (R)
  • Scoop Jackson (R)
  • Robert La Follette Jr (D)
  • Mike Mansfield (D)
  • Edmund Muskie (D)
  • Benjamin F Wade (D)
  • Russell Long (D)
  • Nathaniel Macon (R)
  • Richard Nixon (R)
  • Gerald Nye (R)
  • Key Pittman (D)
  • Bob Dole (R)
  • Hubert Humphrey (D)
  • Huey P Long (D)
  • Richard Russell (R)
  • Samuel Smith (R)
  • William C Rives (R)
  • Millard Tydings (R)
  • Martin Van Buren (D)
  • Ted Cruz (R)
  • John P Hale (D)
  • Jefferson Davis (R)
  • Mark Hanna (R)
  • Joseph McCarthy (R)
  • Bernie Sanders (D)
  • Benjamin Tillman (R)
  • Justin Morrill (D)
  • John C Spooner (R)
  • Robert J Walker (R)
  • Kent Conrad (D)
  • Jim DeMint (R)
  • Robert Toombs (R)
  • Howard Baker (R)
  • Frank Church (D)
  • Roscoe Conkling (R)
  • Everett Dirksen (R)
  • Olympia Snowe (R)
  • Lamar Alexander (R)
  • Russ Feingold (D)
  • Joe Manchin (D)
  • Elizabeth Warren (D)

57 Republicans and 43 Democrats (However, the number of centrists are so unusually large that Democrats could pass legislation). 

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