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Alternate US Presidential Elections - Presidents and Vice Presidents List

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Rutherford Birchard Hayes (Republican), 21st President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1877 - March 4th 1881

 

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William Almon Wheeler (Republican), 22nd Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1877 - March 4th 1881

 

Hayes' term is identical to his IRL term.

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James Abram Garfield (Republican), 22nd President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1881 - September 19th 1881 (Assassinated)

 

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Elihu Benjamin Washburne (Republican), 23rd Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1881 - September 19th 1881 (Succeeded to the presidency) (Office remained vacant for the rest of the term's length )

 

Garfield's term is identical to his IRL term.

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Elihu Benjamin Washburne (Republican), 23rd President of the United States of America, Remainder of President Garfield's Term: September 19th 1881 - March 4th 1885

 

Washburne's term is nearly identical to Chester A. Arthur's IRL term as they agreed on the majority of the issues that happened to the country throughout Arthur's term.

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Thomas Francis Bayard (Democratic), 24th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1885 - March 4th 1889

 

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John Quincy Adams II (Democratic), 24th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1885 - March 4th 1889 

 

Bayard's first term is nearly identical to Grover Cleveland's first term as they agreed on the majority of issues.

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Jeremiah McLain Rusk (Republican), 25th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1889 - March 4th 1893

 

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William Walter Phelps (Republican), 25th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1889 - March 4th 1893

 

Rusk's first term is identical to Benjamin Harrison's IRL first term as they agreed on all the issues.

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Stephen Grover Cleveland (Democratic), 26th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1893 - March 4th 1897

 

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Adlai Ewing Stevenson (Democratic), 26th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1893 - March 4th 1897

 

Cleveland's first term is the same as his IRL second term.

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27 minutes ago, MBDemSoc said:

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Stephen Grover Cleveland (Democratic), 26th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1893 - March 4th 1897

 

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Adlai Ewing Stevenson (Democratic), 26th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1893 - March 4th 1897

 

Cleveland's first term is the same as his IRL second term.

I must ask - and I really must - with all of these perfectly scripted historical events and "identical terms," where is the real "alternate" part of this history? Not an attack, but a legitimate question.

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3 minutes ago, Patine said:

I must ask - and I really must - with all of these perfectly scripted historical events and "identical terms," where is the real "alternate" part of this history? Not an attack, but a legitimate question.

A fair question there hasn't really been any presidents so far where I have had to change anything that happened IRL it's merely coincidence that nothing has been alternate yet.

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Thomas Brackett Reed (Republican), 27th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1897 - March 4th 1901

 

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William Boyd Allison (Republican), 27th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1897 - March 4th 1901

 

Reed's first term is pretty much the same as McKinley's first term IRL but instead of going to war with the Kingdom of Spain, Reed successfully persuades the Kingdom of Spain to give up Cuba without further conflict via monetary means and also peacefully purchased Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines from the Kingdom of Spain (Reed was against the Spanish-American War IRL), Reed's Secretary of State agrees to a treaty of annexation with annexationist representatives of the Republic of Hawaii but the Senate does not ratify it.

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William McKinley (Republican), 28th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1901 - September 14th 1901 (Assassinated)

 

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Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (Republican), 28th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1901 - September 14th 1901 (Succeeded to the presidency) (Office remained vacant for the rest of the term's length )

 

McKinely's first term is nearly identical to his second IRL term aside from the fact that the Hawaiian annexation treaty is ratified by the Senate and signed by McKinley, Native Hawaiians are outraged at the move.

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Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (Republican), 29th President of the United States of America, Remainder of President McKinley's Term: September 14th 1901 - March 4th 1905

 

Roosevelt's continuation of McKinley's term is identical to his IRL continuation of McKinley's second term.

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Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (Republican), 29th President of the United States of America, 1st (Full) Term: March 4th 1905 - March 4th 1909

 

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Charles Warren Fairbanks (Republican), 29th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1905 - March 4th 1909

 

Roosevelt's first full term is identical to his IRL first full term.

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Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (Republican), 29th President of the United States of America, 2nd (Full) Term: March 4th 1909 - March 4th 1913

 

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James Schoolcraft Sherman (Republican), 30th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1909 - October 30th 1912 (Died in office) (Office remained vacant for the rest of the term's length)

 

Roosevelt's 2nd full term is identical to Taft's First Term on the issues of trusts & monopolies and foreign policy, however, Roosevelt's second term differs in the fact that he was able to pass pieces of legislation / constitutional amendments were made that had the following effects: social Insurance was created for the elderly, the unemployed and disabled, A federal income tax was created, relief was given to farmers, compensation for workers for work-related injuries, an eight work day was created, an inheritance tax was created, tariffs were lowered, multiple new national parks were created and overall a much stricter policy of conservation was pursued, Roosevelt famously quoted in this second term that he wanted "a national park in everyone's backyard". 

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William Jennings Bryan (Democratic), 30th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1913 - March 4th 1917

 

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Thomas Riley Marshall (Democratic), 31st Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1913 - March 4th 1917

Bryan's first term is very similar to Woodrow Wilson's IRL first term as Bryan was his Secretary of State until 1915, the foreign policy of the term is identical, the domestic policies are very similar to Wilson's first term aside from the things that were passed in Theodore Roosevelt's 2nd full term, the domestic policies include the creation of the Federal Reserve, the creation of new anti-trust measures, the direct election US Senators was introduced, the Federal Trade Commission is created, the domestic policies followed by the Roosevelt Administration in its second term are maintained by the Bryan administration.

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Charles Evans Hughes Sr. (Republican), 31st President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1917 - March 4th 1921

 

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Theodore Elijah Burton (Republican), 32nd Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1917 - March 4th 1921

 

 

The first term of Hughes is very similar to the second IRL term of Woodrow Wilson, the foreign policy of the administration is almost identical to Wilson's second IRL term (Hughes wanted to prepare for the possibility of war IRL), the domestic policies passed in the term included the following: the eighteenth amendment to the United States Constitution makes the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal; the nineteenth amendment to the United States Constitution allows females to vote; the Income Tax was lowered and tariffs were increased (Hughes opposed the sixteenth amendment); the eight hour work day for adult workers is done away with; during the American involvement in the Great War the US government created agencies such as the Food Administration and the Federal Fuel Administration to conserve vital supplies but they are quickly dismantled after the war comes to an end, Hughes tries to pass legislation that makes it near impossible to create agencies like those again but runs out of time while focusing on issues.  

 

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Warren Gamaliel Harding (Republican), 32nd President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1921 - August 2nd 1923 (Died in office)

 

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John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (Republican), 33rd Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1921 - August 2nd 1923 (Succeeded to the presidency) (Office remained vacant for the rest of the term's length)

 

Harding's term is identical to his IRL one, term highlights: The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 is passed which defined the Federal Aid Road program to develop an immense national highway system; the Washington Naval Treaty is signed which agreed to prevent an arms race by limiting naval construction; tax reductions were passed; federal funding was provided for maternity and childcare; a bonus for World War 1 veterans vas vetoed but the Veterans Bureau was created;  restrictive immigration policies were pursued; tariffs were greatly increased.

 

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John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (Republican), 33rd President of the United States of America, Remainder of President Harding's Term: August 2nd 1923 - March 4th 1925

 

Coolidge's continuation of Harding's term is identical to his IRL continuation of the term, highlights of the term: the Washington Naval treaty was ratified; limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States as of the 1890 census; US citizenship was given to the indigenous peoples of the United States;  Harlan F. Stone was appointed to the Supreme Court as an Associate Judge.

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John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (Republican), 33rd President of the United States of America, 1st (Full) Term: March 4th 1925 - March 4th 1929

 

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Charles Gates Dawes (Republican), 34th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1925 - March 4th 1929

 

Coolidge's first full term is identical to his IRL one, highlights of the term: an Aeronautics Branch was created for the Department of Commerce, the US Army Corps of Engineers was authorized to design and construct projects for the control of floods on the Mississippi River and its tributaries as well as the Sacramento River in California following and in response to the Great Mississipi Flood of 1927, the Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounced war as an instrument of national policy in the relations between the major Great War nations was ratified.

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Herbert Clark Hoover (Republican), 34th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1929 - March 4th 1933

 

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Charles Curtis (Republican), 35th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1929 - March 4th 1933

 

Hoover's first term is identical to his IRL first one, term highlights: the Federal Farm Board which would help farmers by holding surplus grain and cotton in storage; the Wall Street Crash of 1929 occurred which caused the Great Depression, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was created which  provided financial support to state and local governments and made loans to banks, railroads, mortgage associations, and other businesses. Its purpose was to boost the country’s confidence and help banks resume daily functions after the start of the Great Depression; the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930 was signed which implemented protectionist trade measures which ended up diminishing international trade; taxes were raised with the signing of the Revenue Act of 1932; an eight hour work day was instituted for government contractors with the signing of the Davis-Bacon Act of 1931; yellow-dog contracts were banned with the signing of the Norris–La Guardia Act; the Bonus Army march was dispersed and their demands were rejected.

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (Democratic), 35th President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1933 - January 20th 1937

 

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John Nance Garner III (Democratic), 36th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: March 4th 1933 - January 20th 1937

 

FDR's first term is identical to his IRL First term, highlights of the term: the Federal Emergency Relief Administration was created It spent $500 million on soup kitchens, blankets, employment schemes, and nursery schools. The Federal Emergency Relief Administration was shut down in 1935, and its work taken over by two completely new federal agencies, the Works Progress Administration and the Social Security Administration. FERA was involved with a broad range of projects, including construction, projects for professionals (e.g., writers, artists, actors, and musicians), and production of consumer goods. They also focused on giving food to the poor, educating workers, and providing nearly 500,000 jobs for women; the Civilian Conservation Corps was established they allowed unemployed men to work for six months on conservation projects such as planting trees, preventing soil erosion, and combating forest fires. Workers lived in militarized camps across the country and made $30 per month; the Agricultural Adjustment Administration was created in order to raise crop prices in response to the rural economic crisis. The administration helped to control the falling prices by setting quotas to reduce farm production. Beyond price adjustment, the act helped farmers to modernize and implement innovative farming methods. In extreme cases, the agency helped farmers with their mortgages and provided direct payment for farmers who would agree to sign acreage reduction contracts; the National Industry Recovery Act was signed The act was an attempt to rebuild the economy from the severe deflation caused by the Great Depression. The act consists of two sections; the first promoted industrial recovery, and the second established the Public Works Administration (PWA). The National Industry Recovery Act set up the Public Works Administration (PWA) and the National Recovery Administration (NRA). The PWA used government money to build infrastructure, such as roads and bridges, for the state. This demand for construction created new jobs, which achieved Roosevelt's main priority. The National Recovery Act also improved working conditions and outlawed child labor. Wages increased, making it possible for workers to earn and spend more; the Tennessee Valley Authority is established to build dams on the Tennessee River. These dams were designed to stimulate farming in the area while creating hydroelectricity, as well as prevent flooding and deforestation. The hydroelectric power was used effectively to provide electricity for nearby houses. The TVA marked the first time the federal government competed against private companies in the business of selling electricity; A Social Security System is created; the Glass-Stegall Act is signed; the Securities Act of 1933 is signed; the Prohibition of Alcohol is repealed; trade is again liberalized; workers were guaranteed the rights to collective bargaining through unions of their own choice; Etc.

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (Democratic), 35th President of the United States of America, 2nd Term: January 20th 1937 - January 20th 1941

 

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John Nance Garner III (Democratic), 36th Vice President of the United States of America, 2nd Term: January 20th 1937 - January 20th 1941

 

FDR's second term is identical to his IRL one, highlights of the term: Roosevelt proposed the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937, which would have allowed him to appoint an additional justice for each incumbent justice over the age of 70 but it is later abandoned; the Housing Act of 1937 is passed which provided for the construction of 270,000 public housing units by 1939; the second Agricultural Adjustment Act is passed which re-established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, had bipartisan support from the farm lobby; the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 was passed which outlawed child labor, established a federal minimum wage, and required overtime pay for certain employees who worked in excess of forty hours per week; The stock market suffered a major drop in 1937, marking the start of an economic downturn within the Great Depression known as the Recession of 1937–38. Influenced by economists such as Keynes, Marriner Stoddard Eccles, and William Trufant Foster, Roosevelt abandoned his fiscally conservative positions in favour of economic stimulus funding. By increasing government spending, Roosevelt hoped to increase consumption, which in turn would allow private employers to hire more workers and drive down the unemployment rate. In mid-1938, Roosevelt authorized new loans to private industry by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, and he won congressional approval for over $4 billion in appropriations for the WPA, the FSA, the PWA, and other programs etc.

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (Democratic), 35th President of the United States of America, 3rd Term: January 20th 1941 - January 20th 1945

 

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Henry Agard Wallace (Democratic), 37th Vice President of the United States of America, 1st Term: January 20th 1941 - January 20th 1945

 

Roosevelt's third term is the same as his IRL third term, highlights of the term: the Lend-Lease program was created to provide military aid to the United Kingdom which was later expanded to the Soviet Union when they were invaded by the German Empire; Roosevelt also requested, and Congress, granted, a major boost in military expenditures. To oversee mobilization efforts, Roosevelt created the Office of Production Management, the Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply, and the Supply Priorities and Allocation Board; In August 1941, Roosevelt and Churchill conducted a highly secret bilateral meeting in Argentia, Newfoundland. This meeting produced the Atlantic Charter, which conceptually outlined global wartime and postwar goals. Each leader pledged to support democracy, self-determination, free trade, and principles of non-aggression;  Less than a month after Roosevelt and Churchill met at Argentia, a German submarine fired on the U.S. destroyer, Greer. In response, Roosevelt announced a new policy in which the U.S. would attack German or Italian ships that entered U.S. naval zones. This "shoot on sight" policy effectively declared naval war on Germany and was favoured by Americans by a margin of 2-to-1; By 1940, Japan had conquered much of the Chinese coast and major river valleys, but the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek and Communist forces under Mao Zedong continued to resist the Japanese invasion. Though Japan's government was nominally led by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoye, Minister of War Hideki Tojo and other military leaders held immense power in the Japanese governmental system; When Japan occupied northern French Indochina in late 1940, Roosevelt authorized increased aid to the Republic of China, a policy that won widespread popular support. He also implemented a partial embargo on Japan, preventing the export of iron and steel. Over the next year, the Roosevelt administration debated imposing an embargo on oil, the key American export to Japan. Though some in the administration wanted to do everything possible to prevent Japanese expansion, Secretary of State Hull feared that cutting off trade would encourage the Japanese to meet its needs for natural resources through the conquest of the Dutch East Indies, British Malaya, British Burma, or the Philippines; Beginning in March 1941, Hull and Japanese ambassador Kichisaburō Nomura sought to reach an accommodation between their respective governments. As the U.S. was not willing to accept the Japanese occupation of China, and Japan was not willing to withdraw from that country, the two sides were unable to reach an agreement. In July, Japan took control of southern French Indochina, which provided a potential staging ground for an attack on British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies; On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese struck the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor with a surprise attack, knocking out the main American battleship fleet and killing 2,403 American servicemen and civilians; On December 8, Congress voted almost unanimously to declare war against Japan; On December 11, 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, which responded in kind; Etc.

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