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Bruce Fischer

An Electoral History of the United States of America

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I have done several playthroughs so far, and have encountered a few things that irk me: They're either too broad like my two other 1788-2020 playthroughs (my fault for not fleshing them out entirely) or they're too confined to one time period or feature a (usually tyrannical) main candidate (my Hillary playthrough).

NO LONGER!

My goal with this playthrough is to go into a bit more detail (though I'm not writing a book, mind you) and flesh this one out a lot. I'll be doing not just elections and brief overviews of their victor's terms, but cabinets, Congressional results (though not individual races because that would be an absurd level of detail), and actual timelines of Presidential terms with major legislative accomplishments, etc.

I also had a tendency to omit or at least diminish people I don't like (Andrew Jackson, Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton, etc.) and blow up the importance of those I do like (John Quincy Adams, the Kennedys, Jimmy Carter, etc.). I will try not to do that this time around.

Enjoy!

P.S. I'll also do the Supreme Court when it's relevant.

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Presidential and Vice Presidential Portrait Gallery

(a timeline so you can keep track of who served when)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Key:

Black = nonpartisan/independent

green = Democratic-Republican

orange = Federalist

Whigs = yellow

blue = Democratic

red = Republican (GOP)

purple = Socialist

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................  

Image result for george washington                                   Image result

1st President: George Washington (1789-1797)          1st Vice President: John Adams (1789-1797)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 

Image result for jefferson                                      Image result for john jay                                   Image result for aaron burr

2nd President: Thomas Jefferson (1797-1805)                2nd and 3rd Vice Presidents: John Jay (1797-1801)     Aaron Burr (1801-1805)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for aaron burr                                                Image result for elbridge gerry

3rd President: Aaron Burr (March 4, 1805-March 11, 1805)      4th Vice President: Elbridge Gerry (March 4, 1805-March 11, 1805)

[killed in duel with Alexander Hamilton]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for elbridge gerry                                                                                                                    Image result for james monroe

4th President: Elbridge Gerry (March 11, 1805-1813)  5th Vice President: vacant (March 11, 1805-1809)   James Monroe (1809-1813)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for james monroe                                         Image result for henry clay 1812

5th President: James Monroe (1813-1821)                        6th Vice President: Henry Clay (1813-1821)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for henry clay 1812                                   Image result for john quincy adams secretary of state

6th President: Henry Clay (1821-1829)                         7th Vice President: John Quincy Adams (1821-1829)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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7th President: Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)  8th and 9th Vice Presidents: John C. Calhoun (1829-1833)         Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for william henry harrison                                                                       Image result for francis granger       Image result for john tyler

8th Pres: William Henry Harrison (1837-April 4, 1841)      10th and 11th VPs: Francis Granger (1837-1841)           John Tyler (1841)

[died in office]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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9th President: John Tyler (April 4, 1841-1845)              Vice President: vacant (April 4, 1841-1845)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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10th President: James Buchanan (1845-1853)              12th Vice President: William Rufus King (1845-1853)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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11th President: Franklin Pierce (1853-January 17, 1859)          13th Vice President: Stephen A. Douglas (1853-January 17, 1859)

[resigned]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for stephen a douglas

12th President: Stephen A. Douglas (January 17, 1859-1861)  Vice President: vacant (January 17, 1859-1861)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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13th President: William Seward (1861-November 22, 1863) 14th Vice President: Benjamin Wade (1861-November 22, 1863)

[assassinated]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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14th Pres: Benjamin Wade (November 22, 1863-1869)           15th VP: vacant (November 22, 1863-1865)      John C. Fremont (1865-1869)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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15th President: Abraham Lincoln (March 4 - September 13, 1869)             15th VP: John C. Fremont (March 4 - September 13, 1869)

[assassinated]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for john c fremont                                                                                                                               Image result for james g blaine

16th Pres: John C. Fremont (September 13, 1869-1877)  16th VP: vacant (September 13, 1869-June 3, 1870)   James G. Blaine (June 3, 1870-1877)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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17th President: Samuel Tilden (March 4 - June 15, 1877)       17th Vice President: Thomas A. Hendricks (March 4 - June 15, 1877)

[Impeached and convicted on voter fraud charges]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for thomas a hendricks

18th President: Thomas A Hendricks (June 15 - July 22, 1877)       Vice President: vacant (June 15 - July 22, 1877)

[Impeached and convicted on voter fraud charges]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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19th President: Schuyler Colfax (July 22, 1877-1881)                           18th Vice President: Rutherford B. Hayes (July 22, 1877-1881)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for ulysses s grant                                                Image result for james a garfield                         Image result for james g blaine

20th Pres: Ulysses S. Grant (1881-1885)  19th and 20th VPs: James A. Garfield (January 20 - September 19, 1881)  James G. Blaine (September 19, 1881-1885)                                                                                                                          [assassinated]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for james g blaine                                                                              Image result for benjamin harrison

21st President: James G. Blaine (1885-1889)                        21st Vice President: Benjamin Harrison (1885-1889)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

File:Grover Cleveland - NARA - 518139 (cropped).jpg                                                                        File:Allen G. Thurman - Brady-Handy.jpg      File:Adlai Stevenson I by Saroney c1892-crop.jpg

22nd President: Grover Cleveland (1889-1897)    22nd and 23rd Vice Presidents: Allen G. Thurman (1889-1893)  Adlai Stevenson I (1893-1897)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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23rd Pres: Henry Cabot Lodge (1897-1905)                      24th and 25th VPs: William McKinley (1897-1901)        Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1905)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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24th President: Theodore Roosevelt (1905-1913)                        26th Vice President: Robert M. La Follette (1905-1913)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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25th President: Champ Clark (1913-June 29, 1915)                   27th Vice President: William Jennings Bryan (1913-June 29, 1915)

[Secretly assassinated by Vice President Bryan]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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26th President: William Jennings Bryan (June 29, 1915-1917)      28th Vice President: Oscar Underwood (July 8, 1915-1917)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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27th President: Charles Evans Hughes (1917-1921)                     29th Vice President: Philander Knox (1917-1921)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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28th President: Eugene V. Debs (1921-1925)                                30th Vice President: Franklin D. Roosevelt (1921-1925)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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29th President: Charles Evans Hughes (1925-1929)                   31st Vice President: Herbert Hoover (1925-1929)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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30th President: Franklin D. Roosevelt (1929-1937)                            32nd Vice President: Cordell Hull (1929-1937)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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31st President: Huey P. Long (1937-1941)                                         33rd Vice President: John Nance Garner (1937-1941)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for theodore roosevelt jr                                                                                          Image result for robert a taft

32nd President: Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (1941-July 12, 1944)          34th Vice President: Robert A. Taft (1941-July 12, 1944)

[assassinated]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for robert a taft                                                                                           Image result for henry cabot lodge jr

33rd President: Robert A. Taft (July 12, 1944-1953)                           35th Vice President: Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (July 17th, 1944-1953)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for joseph mccarthy                                                            514682702.jpg.5402aebfc03dfd1ec3e5d60a9a3883e6.jpg                                Image result for prescott bush

34th Pres: Joseph McCarthy (1953-May 2, 1955)  36th and 37th VPs: Richard Nixon (January 20-August 10, 1953) Prescott Bush (August 18, 1953-May 2, 1955)

[died of liver failure]                                                                                [resigned]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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35th President: Prescott Bush (May 2, 1955-1965)                                 38th Vice President: Thomas Dewey (May 7, 1955-1965)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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36th President: Robert F. Kennedy (1965-1973)                                    39th Vice President: Stuart Symington (1965-1973)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for spiro agnew                                                                                              Related image

37th President: Spiro Agnew (1973-August 12, 1975)                           40th Vice President: Barry Goldwater (1973-August 12, 1975)

[resigned]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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38th President: Barry Goldwater (August 12, 1975-1977)                       41st Vice President: Margaret Chase Smith (August 27, 1975-1977)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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39th President: Jerry Brown (1977-1985)                                               42nd Vice President: Jimmy Carter (1977-1985)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for george h w bush                                                     Image result for howard baker 1984                 Related image

40th Pres: George H. W. Bush (1985-1989)   43rd and 44th VPs: Howard Baker (1985-May 19, 1988)            Kay Orr (June 1, 1988-1989)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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41st President: Ted Kennedy (1989-1997)                                      45th Vice President: Al Gore (1989-1997)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result                                                                                      Image result

42nd President: Colin Powell (1997-2001)                                     46th Vice President: Lamar Alexander (1997-2001)

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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43rd President: Al Gore (2001-March 16, 2007)                             47th Vice President: Hillary Clinton (2001-March 16, 2007)

[resigned]

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Hillary Clinton                                                                                     Image result for john lewis

44th President: Hillary Clinton (March 16, 2007-2009)                 48th Vice President: John Lewis (March 29, 2007-2009)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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45th President: Rudy Giuliani (2009-2013)                                    49th Vice President: Fred Thompson (2009-2013)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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46th President: Hillary Clinton (2013-2017)                              50th Vice President: Barack Obama (2013-2017)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for jeb bush                                                                                     Image result for paul lepage

47th President: Jeb Bush (January 20-April 6, 2017)              51st Vice President: Paul LePage (January 20-April 6, 2017)

[assassinated]

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Image result for paul lepage                                                                                     Related image

48th President: Paul LePage (April 6, 2017-2021)                  52nd Vice President: Sarah Palin (April 17, 2017-2021)

 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 

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49th President: Al Franken (2021-2029)                                  53rd Vice President: Kyrsten Sinema (2021-2029)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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50th President: Elise Stefanik (2029-2037)                            54th Vice President: Tom Cotton (2029-2037)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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51st President: Chancelor J. Bennett (2037-2045)               55th Vice President: Bruce Fischer (2037-2045)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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52nd President: Bruce Fischer (2045-2049)                           56th Vice President: Jewell Jones (2045-2049)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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53rd President: Jacob Taylor (2049-2053)                             57th Vice President: Bob Dole (2049-2053)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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54th President: Bruce Fischer (2053-2057)                            58th Vice President: Jewell Jones (2053-2057)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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55th President: Jewell Jones (2057-2065)                             59th Vice President: Ritchie Torres (2057-2065)

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Elections of 1788-89

A new nation has been born out of revolution.


A group of highly intelligent men came together, discarded the old government, and started a brand new one. The American Experiment has begun.
 

And it needs leaders.

President
General George Washington will be the first President of the United States. There is no debate about that fact. The question is instead who will be the first Vice President of the United States. John Adams is the favorite, though John Jay is also a serious contender. 


Electors decide on Washington for President and Adams for Vice President; Jay came in third in the popular vote (behind Washington and Adams) but did not win any electoral votes.

The electoral college was unanimous for Washington. The VP map looks like this:

1788-89.PNG.35be08b696394943fe478a0377d34ebf.PNG

Popular vote: Not recorded

(Played as: Jay)

Congress

House:

Pro-Administration: 34

Anti-Administration: 25

Senate:

Pro-Administration: 13

Anti-Administration: 7

Vacant: 2

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Washington Cabinet, 1789-1793

President: George Washington
Vice President: John Adams

Secretary of Foreign Affairs (position abolished in 1789): John Jay
Secretary of State: John Jay
Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of War: Henry Knox
Attorney General: William Bradford

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Washington Term, 1789-1793

  • April 30, 1789: Washington inaugurated
  • September 24, 1789: Judiciary Act of 1789 adopted, federal court system established
  • September 25, 1789: 12 Constitutional amendments approved by Congress, sent to the states for ratification
  • September 26, 1789: 6 Supreme Court nominees confirmed, though one (Robert Harrison) declined appointment
  • November 21, 1789: North Carolina joins the Union
  • January 9, 1790: First Report on the Public Credit is presented
  • February 10, 1790: James Iredell confirmed by Senate for the Supreme Court vacancy left by Robert Harrison’s declined appointment
  • March 26, 1790: Naturalization Act of 1790 passed 
  • May 29, 1790: Rhode Island joins the Union
  • July 1790: Compromise of 1790 reached
  • July 16, 1790: Residence Act of 1790 signed into law, capital temporarily moved from New York City to Philadelphia until a permanent capital can be built
  • July 22, 1790: Nonintercourse Act passed
  • July 26, 1790: Assumption Bill passed in Senate

Midterms

House:

Pro-Administration: 39

Anti-Administration: 30

Senate:

Pro-Administration: 17

Anti-Administration: 8

  • February 25, 1791: First Bank of the United States chartered
  • March 1791: Whiskey Act signed into law
  • March 4, 1791: Vermont joins the Union
  • July 21, 1791: First meeting to select delegates to a convention to lobby the House of Representatives to repeal the Whiskey Act held at Redstone Old Fort
  • September 1791: Formal convention of anti-Whiskey Act delegates held in Pittsburgh, petition for redress of grievances sent to the House
  • April 2, 1792: Coinage Act of 1792 passed, establishing the US dollar and the US Mint, and regulating coinage
  • May 1792: Whiskey Act’s excise tax modified in response to the convention held in Pittsburgh 
  • June 1, 1792: Kentucky joins the Union
  • August 1792: Second anti-whiskey tax convention held, which is more radical than the first. Hamilton freaks out a bit
  • September 1792: Hamilton sends tax official to investigate anti-whiskey tax people in Pennsylvania
  • September 15, 1792: Washington signs anti-anti-whiskey tax proclamation written by Hamilton; it’s published in newspapers
  • February 12, 1793: Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 signed into law

Conclusion

A successful, mostly stable first Presidential term for a brand new nation, though not one without its downsides. The Whiskey Tax may become problematic. President Washington is quite popular despite this, and is basically guaranteed reelection should he seek it.

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46 minutes ago, President Garrett Walker said:

(P.S. I wanted, originally, to do Supreme Court appointees too, but I don't feel like I know enough about the Court to do that properly. Unless someone wants to help me with that, I'll ignore it unless it becomes an issue.)

 

PM me if you need advice for the Judicial branch friend!:D

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1 hour ago, President Garrett Walker said:

 

(P.S. I wanted, originally, to do Supreme Court appointees too, but I don't feel like I know enough about the Court to do that properly. Unless someone wants to help me with that, I'll ignore it unless it becomes an issue.)

Thats why I looked at the list of former Justices and I usually pick from them or from well know politicians. Also looks similar to mine :)

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7 hours ago, Reagan04 said:

PM me if you need advice for the Judicial branch friend!:D

OK cool

 

6 hours ago, Sanser2016 said:

Thats why I looked at the list of former Justices and I usually pick from them or from well know politicians. Also looks similar to mine :)

I think I will do the Supreme Court after all. I quite like how you do your playthrough, take it as a compliment that this will bear some similarities as far as format goes :P

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Supreme Court, 1789-1793

Chief Justice: John Jay*

Associate Justices

  • John Rutledge (1789-1791)
    • replaced with Thomas Johnson (1791-1793)
      • replaced with William Paterson (1793-)
  • William Cushing (1789-)
  • James Wilson (1789-)
  • John Blair (1789-)
  • James Iredell (1790-)

*Supreme Court was much less important than today, meaning that Jay could be both Chief Justice and Secretary of State simultaneously

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Elections of 1792

A major milestone in American history was not just the first election but the second as well; it told the world that democracy in the United States was not simply a fluke, and that voting happens peacefully at set intervals of time, and that elections are fair and free.

President

After 4 years of the Washington Administration, many people are strongly in favor of his reelection (even if the President himself is not). He reluctantly agrees to serve another term, which the electoral college agrees to give him unanimously, again. The Vice-Presidential election is the interesting one, as John Adams is popular but not nearly to the extent that his boss is. He faces opposition from Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr, and George Clinton.

In the end, the electoral college kept Washington as President, of course, and also kept Adams as Vice President. The Presidential map is uninteresting, and the VP map looks like this:

1792.PNG.a457b79db528b02b0ac680c4f486979d.PNG

Popular vote:

Washington (President): 45,212, 48.4%

Adams (VP): 19,009, 20.4%

Clinton: 15,016, 16.1%

Burr: 7,810, 8.4%

Jefferson: 6,311, 6.8%

(Played as: Clinton)

Congress

House:

Anti-Administration: 54 (up 24)

Pro-Administration: 51 (up 12)

Senate:

Pro-Administration: 18 (up 1)

Anti-Administration: 11 (up 1)

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Washington Cabinet, 1793-1797

President: George Washington
Vice President: John Adams

Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of Treasury: 

  • Alexander Hamilton (until 1795)
  • Oliver Wolcott, Jr (1795-1797)

Secretary of War:

  • Henry Knox (until 1794)
  • James McHenry (1794-1797)

Attorney General: Charles Lee

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Washington Term, 1793-1797

  • All of 1793: Whiskey Act resistance grows, which alarms Washington and his cabinet (especially Secretary Hamilton)
  • March 4, 1793: Washington inaugurated for a second time
  • Also March 4, 1793: William Paterson confirmed to the Supreme Court (replacing Thomas Johnson, who was himself a recess appointment following John Rutledge’s resignation)
  • 1794: Whiskey Rebellion happens just as IRL
  • March 4, 1794: Congress approves what would later become the 11th Amendment
  • March 22, 1794: Slave Trade Act of 1794 enacted
  • March 27, 1794: Naval Act of 1794 signed into law, US Navy established in response to Barbary pirates

Midterms

House:

Democratic-Republicans: 59

Federalists: 47

Senate:

Federalists: 20

Democratic-Republicans: 10

  • November 19, 1794: Jay Treaty signed
  • February 7, 1795: 11th Amendment ratified
  • June 29, 1795: John Jay resigns from the Supreme Court
  • July 1, 1795: John Rutledge appointed by Washington (recess appointment) to fill Jay’s place on the Court
  • August 3, 1795: Treaty of Greenville signed
  • October 17, 1795: Treaty of San Lorenzo signed
  • October 25, 1795: Associate Justice John Blair resigns
  • December 28, 1795: John Rutledge, rejected by Senate for the position of Chief Justice, resigns from the Supreme Court
  • January 27, 1796: Samuel Chase appointed by Washington to fill John Blair’s seat on the Supreme Court
  • March 8, 1796: Oliver Ellsworth confirmed by the Senate as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
  • June 1, 1796: Tennessee joins the Union

Conclusion

A more turbulent second term for President Washington, and for the United States as a whole. The Whiskey Rebellion threatens the Union but the President and the Cabinet avert disaster and war. The US is slowly becoming seen as a legitimate nation abroad, ratifying a slew of treaties in this term.

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Supreme Court, 1793-1797

Chief Justice: John Jay (1789-1795)

  • replaced with Oliver Ellsworth (1795-)

Associate Justices

  • William Paterson (1793-)
  • William Cushing (1789-)
  • James Wilson (1789-)
  • John Blair (1789-1795)
    • replaced with Samuel Chase (1796-)
  • James Iredell (1790-)

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BTW everything up until this point is almost exactly the same as IRL (except some cabinet secretaries' tenure). Change is coming real soon though.

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A post was made a while ago with almost exactly the same name:

EDIT: Just realized that you made a joke on that person's thread about it and they were fine with it, nevermind

Edited by SirLagsalott

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3 hours ago, SirLagsalott said:

A post was made a while ago with almost exactly the same name:

EDIT: Just realized that you made a joke on that person's thread about it and they were fine with it, nevermind

Yes I would only do that if they were fine with it

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Elections of 1796

Despite calls for President Washington to stay on as President for a third term, Washington refuses and willingly steps down at the end of his term. He only reluctantly took a second term, and he did not want to spend four more years as President.

President

Washington's Vice President, John Adams, was his assumed successor, but he was challenged by Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, former Chief Justice John Jay, and a multitude of other “favorite son” candidates. The election was close the whole time. Jefferson, Adams, and Jay all anxiously awaited the Electoral College’s choice. But when that time came, they were in a deadlock! John Jay had siphoned off many of what Adams had assumed were his votes, even taking the state of New York for himself. So the candidates waited even longer for the House to decide who the next President will be.

The Presidential map looked like this:5936e6c184052_1796(Presidential).PNG.95149eee782040e2462343657661cb5d.PNG

While the VP map looked like this:

5936e6d1adab5_1796(VP).PNG.af56897e6e26863c5231e3056979995e.PNG

Popular Vote:

Jay: 56,374, 30.5%

Jefferson: 27,454, 14.9%

J. Adams: 19,320, 10.5%

T. Pinckney: 17,170, 9.3%

Burr: 13,236, 7.2%

C. Pinckney: 8,192, 4.4%

S. Adams: 8,088, 4.4%

Ellsworth: 7,794, 4.2%

Clinton: 7,684, 4.2%

Henry: 7,066, 3.8%

Iredell: 6,818, 3.7%

Johnston: 5,625, 3%

(Played as: Jay)

Congress

House:

Democratic-Republicans: 54 (down 5)

Federalists: 52 (up 5)

Senate:

Federalists: 19 (down 1)

Democratic-Republicans: 11 (up 1)

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Congressional Votes for President and Vice President, 1797

House vote for President

MA: Adams

NH: Adams

CT: Jay

RI: Adams

NY: Jay

NJ: Jay

DE: Adams

PA: Jefferson

MD: Jefferson

VA: Jefferson

KY: Jefferson

TN: Jefferson

NC: Jefferson

SC: Jefferson

GA: Jefferson

Total:

Jefferson: 8

Adams: 4

Jay: 3

Senate vote for Vice President

Jay: 19

Pinckney: 11

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Jefferson Cabinet, 1797-1801

President: Thomas Jefferson
Vice President: John Jay


Secretary of State: George Clinton
Secretary of Treasury: Albert Gallatin
Secretary of War: James Monroe
Attorney General: Levi Lincoln Sr.
Secretary of the Navy (established 1798): Benjamin Stoddert

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Jefferson Term, 1797-1801

  • Entire term: While Jefferson initially wanted to be more friendly towards the French and support them in the war, the XYZ Affair and Quasi-war happen mostly as they did IRL
  • March 4, 1797: Jefferson and Jay inaugurated. President Jefferson says that he will work with Vice President Jay rather than sideline him
  • March 1797: Shortly after his inauguration, President Jefferson works with his Treasury Secretary to slowly dismantle Hamilton’s economic system, and gets rid of the whiskey tax and offices he finds unnecessary 
  • September 1797: President Jefferson shrinks the size of the military and navy, deciding that they should only be used for defense. Surely this will be followed for all of US history…
  • February 1798: President Jefferson commissions various expeditions into un-or under-explored territories, including those recently ceded to the US by Spain

Midterms

House:

Democratic-Republicans: 56 (up 2)

Federalists: 50 (down 2)

Senate:

Federalists: 17 (down 2)

Democratic-Republicans: 13 (up 2)

  • December 1798: Bushrod Washington appointed to the Supreme Court at the behest of Vice President Jay
  • May 1799: Jefferson attempts to abolish the national bank, but his Treasury Secretary advises him not to
  • September 1799: President Jefferson calls for expanded voting rights and political equality for all (white) men, but it doesn’t really go anywhere
  • February 1800: Rumors of a split between President Jefferson and Vice President Jay turn out to be true. Jay announces he will run not with Jefferson but against him in 1800
  • April 21, 1800: Jefferson’s recent nominee John Breckinridge confirmed to the Supreme Court
  • January 27, 1801: Jefferson nominates John Marshall to the Supreme Court in a gesture of goodwill towards outgoing VP John Jay
     

Conclusion: Not quite as eventful as the previous terms. Lots of infighting between Jefferson and Jay, though Jefferson occasionally placates Jay with Supreme Court justice nominations favorable to Federalists (though Bushrod Washington is a relative of the extremely popular former President so h)is nomination gave Jefferson a boost). Jefferson was eager to dump Jay in 1800 so he could get on with his agenda.

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Bruh, this stuff is lit no joke

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9 minutes ago, TeamEhmling said:

Bruh, this stuff is lit no joke

thanks

Also, unrelated, but I know Jefferson would likely never nominate Marshall to the Supreme Court but I literally cannot imagine America without him

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Supreme Court, 1797-1801

Chief Justice: Oliver Ellsworth

  • replaced with John Marshall (1801-)

Associate Justices

  • William Paterson (1793-)
  • William Cushing (1789-)
  • James Wilson (1789-1798)
    • replaced with Bushrod Washington (1798-)
  • Samuel Chase (1796-)
  • James Iredell (1790-1799)
    • replaced with John Breckinridge (1800-)

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22 minutes ago, President Garrett Walker said:

thanks

Also, unrelated, but I know Jefferson would likely never nominate Marshall to the Supreme Court but I literally cannot imagine America without him

I agree with that 100%, I think he is just one person destined no matter what for that spot. 

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Elections of 1800

President

The election of 1800 was one of the dirtiest campaigns and messiest election results in American history, so much so that it necessitated a Constitutional amendment to make sure it never happened again. Thomas Jefferson had grown to hate John Jay, and had feuded with him for the last year and a half of his Administration. Jay decided to run against his own President. On the Vice-Presidential level, the Federalists chose former Secretary Hamilton, and the Democratic-Republicans chose Sen. Aaron Burr.

President Jefferson and Vice President Jay went after each other, hard. They wrote scathing public letters about each other, published in the nation’s leading newspapers, describing failures they had both as a part of the Administration and as people in general. The public quickly grew weary of this, but the candidates persisted nonetheless. Jefferson had a stronghold on most of the South, while Jay held the Northeast and focused mostly on the battleground state of New York.

The election results turned out to be just as messy as the campaign, and a fundamental flaw in the electoral process was discovered in the process. Jefferson easily won reelection over Vice President Jay, but two odd things happened: The same number of electors voted for both Jefferson and Burr, and Thomas Jefferson won the Vice-Presidential electors of Vermont and Rhode Island. The latter was dealt with by simply disposing of the votes, but former sent the election to the House. The Presidential map looked like this:

5937070a7b84d_1800(Presidential).PNG.b571da5087ddd1179fc1190232c81838.PNG

The Vice Presidential map:

59370709d0feb_1800(VP).PNG.f6ec6fd8fdafbe7292e96adb08ced01f.PNG

Popular Vote:

Burr: 32.3%

Jefferson: 31.9%

Jay: 18.6%

Hamilton: 17.2%

(Played as: Jay)

Congress

House:

Democratic-Republicans: 68 (up 12)

Federalists: 38 (down 12)

Senate:

Federalists: 17 (no change)

Democratic-Republicans: 15 (up 2)

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